Kites, Laddoos and More – All You Need To Know About Makar Sankranti

Come January, and India celebrates the harvest season. One of the first festivals of the year happens to be Makar Sankranti.

With Sankranti begins the harvest season and an auspicious time as per the Hindu calendar. Celebrated all over the country, it is called Uttarayan in Gujarat, Bhogali Bihu in Assam, Shishur Saenkraat in the Kashmir valley, Khichdi in UP and the west of Bihar, Pongal in Tamil Nadu and Makara Sankramana in Karnataka.

Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Bihar, Jharkhand, Goa, Haryana, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Sikkim, West Bengal, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan and some other states refer to the festival as Makar Sankranti.

Not only in India, but the festival is celebrated in the rest of south Asia as well and is known by different names. In India, like the names, the celebrations differ too.

Makar Sankranti - The India Diaries
Makar Sankranti Celebrations In Rajasthan. Image Source: Flickr
Here is a sneak peak on how Makar Sankranti is celebrated in few Indian states (in no particular order):

Gajak, ghevar, puwa, til laddoo, kheer, etc are sweets which are prepared and eaten to celebrate Makar Sankranti in Rajasthan. Married women are invited to their parents’ house, along with their husbands, on the first day of Sankranti. This leads to a big feast which is the Sankrant Bhoj and after it is over, fruits, sweets and foods are distributed to the needy. Kites are also flown.

Colourful halwas and til-gud laddoos mark the arrival of Makar Sankranti in Maharashtra. It is a three-day festival in which the first day is called Bhogi, the second day is Sankrant and the last day is Kinkrant. Legend says that there used to be a demon called Sankarasur who had set off to kill humans. To kill him, the goddess Sankranti had come to earth and upon the demon’s death, Sankrant began to be celebrated. Women celebrate Sankrant with an all-women get-together called Haldi-Kumkum. Married women invite each other to their houses where they are given haldi-kumkum and symbolic utensils as gifts. Kite flying is a big thing in Maharashtra during these three days and chants of til-gul ghyaa, aani goad-goad bolaa can be heard.

Image Source: Flickr
Makar Sankranti Celebrations in Maharashtra. Image Source: Flickr

Makar Sankranti is a four day festival in Tamil Nadu. Day 1 is called Bhogi Pandigai, the second day is Thai Pongal. Maattu Pongal is the third day and the fourth day is called Kaanum Pongal. On Bhogi Pandigai, old clothes are discarded by burning them. New clothes are worn marking the end of old and beginning of new. On the second and the most important day of the festival, milk along with rice is boiled in new pots and in it are added raisins, cashews and brown sugar.  The third day is kept aside to thank the cattle. They are not made to work that day, instead they are allowed to be free and fed sugar cane and sweet rice. They are decorated with flowers and paints. On the fourth day, people visit relatives and bond with their family and friends, thanking them for their assistance in the harvest.


Makar Sankranti - The India Diaries
Makar Sankranti Celebrations in Tamil Nadu. Image Source: Wikimedia

In West Bengal, this is also known as Poush Sankranti with the harvest festival being called Poush Parbon – poush being the month and parbon indicating the event. Authentic sweets are prepared with the freshly harvested rice, milk, coconut and syrup of date palm. The sweet prepared is called Pithe. A three-day celebration begins the day before Sankranti and is celebrated by all strata of the society.

Makar Sankranti also marks the beginning of what is referred to as the big bathing days. In Uttar Pradesh, the cities of Allahabad and Varanasi, and in Uttarakhand, Haridwar witness millions of people thronging to have the holy bath. Sweets made of til and gud are prepared and eaten by all. The day is also marked by kite flying from rooftops. Like in Maharashtra and Gujarat, here also the skylines are filled with colourful kites.

Makar Sankranti Celebrations in West Bengal. Image Source: MaaMaatiManush
Makar Sankranti Celebrations in West Bengal.
Image Source: MaaMatiManush

In Karnataka, new clothes are worn and Sankranti offering of white sesame seeds along with jaggery, dry coconut and fried groundnut is exchanged with friends and family. Cattle are decorated with colourful costumes and taken on processions. In some parts, cattle are also made to walk on fire though the custom is on a decline on humanity grounds. Kites are flown in north Karnataka and it being the harvest season, sugarcane, bananas, haldi-kumkum and other gifts are exchanged by women, like in Maharashtra.


Makar Sankranti Celebrations in Gujarat. Image Source: Wikimedia
Makar Sankranti Celebrations in Gujarat.
Image Source: Wikimedia

In Gujarat, Makar Sankranti is known as Uttarayan. One of the main festivals of the state, this lasts for two days – day one being the day of Sankranti and is called Uttarayan while day two is the next day and is called Vasi (stale) Uttarayan. Kite flying is major in this part of the country on these two days, specially. The activity usually starts from December itself, but on the days of Uttarayan, the sky can be seen peppered thickly with beautiful, colourful kites. Undhiyu and chikkis are favourite food items which are made in every household and much loved. Also held at this time is the International Kite Festival.

Above were glimpses of how Makar Sankranti is celebrated in few of the states. The festivities do go more in depth and personally I feel, what would be great, is if the festival can be celebrated in one state, every year. Imagine the kind of cultural exposure it will give. After all, the main fun of being an Indian is experiencing multiple cultures in one lifetime!

105 thoughts on “Kites, Laddoos and More – All You Need To Know About Makar Sankranti”

  1. Even though it was an actually bumpy ride to start a new business with such a soft economic environment, I decided to cut way back on living expenditures
    as well as follow my long-held passion for travelling the globe,” states Keith Hajovsky, who in 2013 established Travel Sherpa Keith, a traveling consulting as well as tour guide company in Austin, after being laid off from a software program firm.

  2. Thanks on your marvelous posting! I seriously enjoyed reading it,
    you are a great author. I will make sure to bookmark your blog and
    will often come back in the future. I want to encourage one to continue your great work,
    have a nice afternoon!

  3. Thanks for your personal marvelous posting!
    I truly enjoyed reading it, you might be a great
    author.I will be sure to bookmark your blog and will
    often come back at some point. I want to encourage yourself to continue your great
    job, have a nice afternoon!

  4. Hey are using WordPress for your blog platform? I’m new
    to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and create my own. Do you require any coding expertise to make your own blog?
    Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  5. You could definitely see your expertise in the work you
    write. The arena hopes for even more passionate writers such as you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe.
    At all times go after your heart.

  6. Good day! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and say I really enjoy reading through
    your posts. Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that deal with the
    same topics? Thank you so much!

  7. I’m not sure where you’re getting your info, but good topic.

    I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding
    more. Thanks for great information I was looking for this information for my mission.

  8. Hiya! I know this is kinda off topic however I’d figured I’d ask.
    Would you be interested in exchanging links or maybe guest authoring a blog post
    or vice-versa? My blog covers a lot of the same subjects as yours and I feel we could
    greatly benefit from each other. If you are interested feel
    free to send me an e-mail. I look forward to hearing
    from you! Terrific blog by the way!

  9. I do trust all the concepts you have offered for your post.
    They are really convincing and will certainly work. Nonetheless,
    the posts are too brief for starters. May you please prolong them a bit from next time?
    Thank you for the post.

  10. It consists of info on business registrations, choosing places, sector
    credit records, business, tax obligations, worldwide profession, as well as business filings.

  11. It’s remarkable to visit this web site and reading the views of all mates
    regarding this paragraph, while I am also zealous of getting familiarity.

  12. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thank you, However I am encountering issues with your RSS.

    I don’t know why I cannot join it. Is there
    anybody getting identical RSS problems? Anyone that knows the solution can you kindly respond?

  13. Greetings fromm Los angeles! I’m borded to ters at work so I decided to check out yur site on mmy iphone during lunch break.

    I love the knowledge you present here annd can’t wait to take
    a look when I get home. I’m shocked at how quuick ykur blog loaded on my cell
    phone .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, fantastic site!

  14. I’m extremely impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your blog.
    Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it’s
    rare to see a great blog like this one nowadays.

  15. Good post. I learn something new and challenging
    on websites I stumbleupon on a daily basis.
    It will always be interesting to read through content from other authors and use something
    from other websites.

  16. First off I would like to say superb blog! I had a quick question that
    I’d like to ask if you don’t mind. I was curious to know
    how you center yourself and clear your head prior to writing.
    I’ve had trouble clearing my thoughts in getting my ideas out
    there. I do take pleasure in writing however it just seems like the first 10
    to 15 minutes are wasted just trying to figure out
    how to begin. Any recommendations or tips? Cheers!

  17. Hi there! Would you mind if I share your blog with my myspace group?
    There’s a lot of folks that I think would really enjoy your content.
    Please let me know. Many thanks

  18. The other day, while I was at work, my cousin stole my
    iphone and tested to see if it can survive a thirty foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My
    apple ipad is now destroyed and she has 83 views. I know this is entirely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  19. What’s up i am kavin, its my first time
    to commenting anyplace, when i read this paragraph i thought i could also make
    comment due to this sensible paragraph.

  20. An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a colleague who had been conducting a little homework on this.
    And he actually ordered me breakfast due to the fact that I stumbled upon it for him…
    lol. So let me reword this…. Thanks for the meal!!
    But yeah, thanx for spending some time to discuss this subject here on your blog.

  21. Very great post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to mention that I’ve
    really enjoyed browsing your weblog posts. After
    all I will be subscribing for your rss feed and I hope
    you write again soon!

  22. Have you ever thought about publishing an ebook or guest
    authoring on other sites? I have a blog based on the same
    topics you discuss and would love to have you share some stories/information. I know
    my visitors would enjoy your work. If you are even remotely interested, feel free to send me an e mail.

  23. hello there and thank you for your information – I’ve definitely
    picked up anything new from right here. I did however expertise some technical points using this web site,
    as I experienced to reload the website lots of times previous
    to I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your web host is OK?
    Not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances
    times will very frequently affect your placement in google and
    could damage your quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords.
    Anyway I am adding this RSS to my email and could look out for
    much more of your respective interesting content. Ensure
    that you update this again very soon.

  24. whoah this blog is magnificent i like reading your articles.
    Stay up the great work! You realize, a lot of individuals are hunting around for
    this information, you could help them greatly.

    Colyer Law Group PC
    161 North Clark Street #4700
    Chicago, Illinois 60601
    (312) 922-5152

  25. Heya are using WordPress for your site platform? I’m new to the blog world but I’m
    trying to get started and create my own. Do you require any html coding
    expertise to make your own blog? Any help would be really appreciated!

  26. Howdy! I could have sworn I’ve been to this website before but after reading through some of the post I
    realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m definitely delighted I found it and I’ll be bookmarking and checking back often!

  27. I will immediately take hold of your rss as I can’t in finding your e-mail subscription hyperlink or newsletter service.

    Do you’ve any? Kindly allow me understand so that I may
    subscribe. Thanks.

  28. Attractive section of content. I simply stumbled
    upon your blog and in accession capital to assert that I acquire in fact
    enjoyed account your weblog posts. Anyway I will be subscribing for your augment and even I fulfillment you access constantly rapidly.

  29. Spot on with this write-up, I seriously think this website
    needs much more attention. I’ll probably be back again to read
    through more, thanks for the information!

  30. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have put
    in writing this blog. I am hoping to view the same
    high-grade content by you later on as well. In truth,
    your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my very own website now

  31. All meiji constitution these great words. And one more way to harmonize a nutrient-content meiji constitution claim
    or a weight she had difficulty becoming a faster metabolism helps
    you losing weight is dancing.

  32. Today, I went to the beachfront with my children. I found a sea shell and gave it
    to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She
    put the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear.

    She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is completely off
    topic but I had to tell someone!

  33. I’m curious to find out what blog platform you have been working with?

    I’m experiencing some minor security problems with my latest blog and I’d like to find something more risk-free.
    Do you have any suggestions?

  34. Hello! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site
    before but after reading through some of the post
    I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m definitely glad I found it and I’ll be bookmarking and checking back often!

  35. Hey would you mind letting me know which webhost
    you’re working with? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different internet browsers and I
    must say this blog loads a lot faster then most.
    Can you suggest a good internet hosting provider at a
    fair price? Kudos, I appreciate it!

  36. Undeniably believe that which you said. Your favorite justification seemed to be on the internet the easiest thing to be aware of.
    I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while people think about worries that they just do not know about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined
    out the whole thing without having side effect , people
    could take a signal. Will likely be back to get more.


  37. % They have read about the wonderful effects
    of pilates in pain relief and many wanted to use pilates to relieve their
    Due to our busy lifestyle and most jobs being desk bound, there has been
    increasing number of people suffering from chronic.

  38. Hello there! This article couldn’t be written much better!
    Going through this post reminds me of my previous roommate!
    He constantly kept preaching about this. I am going to
    send this information to him. Pretty sure he will have a
    great read. Thank you for sharing!

  39. It kodava is also simple, alright? So, September was high time people take steps to
    live, you will lower the amount of oil. With this in mind, you can to make
    sure that you want to hear from you, will provide you substitutes of the carbon dioxide.
    Avoid products which have actual fruit or a water soluble
    this includes a free bottle of water per day.
    The next step is I practice what I really want, but
    it’s not helpful.

  40. First of all I want too say fantastic blog!
    I had a quick question that I’d likle to ask if you don’t mind.
    I was curious to know how you center yourself and clear your thoughts before writing.
    I have had trouble clearing my thoughts in getting my thoughts out.
    I truly ddo enjoy writing but it just seems like the first 10
    to 15 minutes tend to be lost simply jusat trying to figure
    out how to begin. Any suggestions or hints? Many thanks!

  41. So, when you leave them in a group activity. This is the
    beauty and the desire for more info about various other natural ingredients don t eat healthy and help
    with many,” Can you stay fit and healthy. You can take two capsules– let me tell you exactly, and others’ without purple mangosteen feeling hungry you’re actually healing broken bones.

  42. In case you have recently been identified from herpes simplex virus infection subsequently you must learn of which remedies usually are not manufactured
    for herpes virus heal. Medicines like Acyclovir, Valtrex, Famcyclovir, Zovirax and Valacyclovir can’t treat genital herpes virus virus contamination for great.
    To be able to heal herpes virus an infection it is advisable to consider this protection of nature’s strength.
    There are lots of natural effective substances there for heal herpes simplex virus illness for good.

    There are several benefits of applying herpes virus normal remedy rather than utilizing medications.
    Natural herpes virus remedy is easily available around the globe also inside your kitchen’s although medicines
    are not abundant. Organic hsv simplex virus treatment cost fewer review for you to others.
    At this point the most effective features about making use of healthy hsv simplex virus heal can be that you have no
    likelihood of obtaining side effects involving pure herpes virus cure yet if
    you have already been using medicines to for a long time
    next you’ll encounter many critical unwanted side effects of the usb ports.
    So it’s much better associated with making use of organic genital herpes virus virus
    remedy in comparison with medicines.

  43. In case you are a eager follower of all the foreemost monetary and political information and all the time have your finger firmly positioned
    on the heartbeat oof thee business world, you could be effectively suited too on-line
    binary options uying and selling.

  44. Definitely believe that which you said. Your favorite justification seemed to be
    on the net the easiest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get irked while people consider worries that they plainly
    do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the
    top and also defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people can take a
    signal. Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

  45. If you do not want this to happen to your students then you must be really careful.
    The same can’t be said for players in lower league teams
    but when used well it can create chances that can dramatically alter your experience for the better,
    helping you steal three points at the death in a hard fought cup battle for example.
    Hands-on learning games are an ideal way to help your child improve his visual

  46. Excellent blog! Do you have any tips and hints for aspiring writers?
    I’m hoping to start my own site soon but I’m a little
    lost on everything. Would you advise starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices out there that
    I’m totally confused .. Any ideas? Bless you!

  47. Wonderful blog! I found it while searching on Yahoo News.
    Do you have any suggestions on how to get listed in Yahoo News?
    I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get
    there! Many thanks

  48. Excellent post. Keep posting such kind of information on your blog.
    Im really impressed by your blog.
    Hi there, You’ve done an excellent job. I’ll certainly digg it and personally suggest to my friends.

    I’m sure they will be benefited from this web site.

  49. Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m impressed!
    Extremely helpful info specifically the last part 🙂 I care for such info
    a lot. I was looking for this certain info for a very
    long time. Thank you and good luck.

  50. Pingback: Google

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *